Morality and Ethics in Islam

Morality and Ethics in Islam
Social Order in Islam

Islam is a comprehensive way of life and morality is one of the
cornerstones Islam. Morality is one of the fundamental sources of a
nation’s strength, just as immorality is one of the main causes of a
nation’s decline. Islam has established some universal fundamental
rights for humanity as a whole, which are to be observed in all
circumstances. To uphold these rights, Islam has provided not only
legal safeguards, but also a very effective moral system. Thus,
whatever leads to the welfare of the individual or the society is
morally good in Islam, and whatever is harmful is morally bad.

Given its importance in a healthy society, Islam supports morality
and matters that lead to it, and stands in the way of corruption and
matters that lead to it. The guiding principle for the behavior of a
Muslim is “Al `Amal Assalih” or Virtuous Deeds. This term covers all
deeds, not only acts of worship. The Guardian and Judge of all deeds
is Allah (SWT) Himself.

The most fundamental characteristics of a Muslim are piety and
humility. A Muslim must be humble with Allah and with other
people: “And turn not your face away from people (with pride), nor
walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each
arrogant boaster. And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your
walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is
the voice (braying) of the ass.” Muslims must be in controls of their
passions and desires.

A Muslim should not be vain or attached to the ephemeral pleasures of
this world. While most people allow the material world to fill their
hearts, Muslims should keep Allah (SWT) in their hearts and the
material world in their hand. Instead of being attached to the car
and the job and the diploma and the bank account, all these things
become tools to make us better people.

“The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, but only he
(will prosper) that brings to Allah a sound heart” [Quran: 26:88-89]

Principles of Morality in Islam

Allah (SWT) sums up righteousness in verse 177 of Surat Al Baqarah:

“It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards East or
West; but it is righteousness (the quality of ) the one who believes
in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels, and the Book, and the
Messengers; who spends of his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the
kinsfolk, to the orphans, to the needy, to the wayfarer, to those who
ask and for the freeing of slaves; and who is steadfast in prayers,
and gives Zakah (Alms); and those who fulfill their covenants which
they made; and who are patient and perseverant in poverty and ailment
and throughout all periods of fighting. Such are the people of truth,
the pious.”

This verse teaches us that righteousness and piety is based before
all else on a true and sincere faith. The key to virtue and good
conduct is a strong relation with Allah, who sees all, at all times
and everywhere. He knows the secrets of the hearts and the intentions
behind all actions. Therefore, a Muslim must be moral in all
circumstances; Allah is aware of each one when no one else is. If we
deceive everyone, we cannot deceive Him. We can flee from anyone, but
not from Him. The love and continuous awareness of Allah and the Day
of Judgment enables man to be moral in conduct and sincere in
intentions, with devotion and dedication: “Indeed, the most honorable
among you in the sight of Allah is the most pious.”

Then come deeds of charity to others, especially giving things we
love mention the Hadith of lan tanaalu-lbirra hatta…. Acts of
worship, prayers and Zakah (mandatory alms), are an integral part of
worship. A righteous person must be reliable and trustworthy.

Finally, their faith must be firm and should not wane when faced with
adversity. Morality must be strong to vanquish corruption: “And Allah
loves those who are firm and steadfast.” Patience is often hardest
and most beautiful when it’s against one’s own desires or anger: “And
march forth toward forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as
wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious. Those
who spend (in the way of Allah) in prosperity and in adversity, who
repress anger, and who pardon people; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinûn
(the doers of the best deeds). ” These three acts are among the
hardest things for most people, but they are also the key to
forgiveness and to paradise. Are they not the best, those who are
able to exercise charity when they are in need themselves, control
when they are angry and forgiveness when they are wronged?

This is the standard by which actions are judged as good or bad. By
making pleasing Allah the objective of every Muslim, Islam has set
the highest possible standard of morality.

Morality in Islam addresses every aspect of a Muslim’s life, from
greetings to international relations. It is universal in its scope
and in its applicability. Morality reigns in selfish desires, vanity
and bad habits. Muslims must not only be virtuous, but they must also
enjoin virtue. They must not only refrain from evil and vice, but
they must also forbid them. In other words, they must not only be
morally healthy, but they must also contribute to the moral health of
society as a whole.

“You are the best of the nations raised up for (the benefit of) men;
you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah;
and if the followers of the Book had believed it would have been
better for them; of them (some) are believers and most of them are
transgressors.” [Quran: 3:110]

The Prophet (PBUH) summarized the conduct of a Muslim when he
said: “My Sustainer has given me nine commands: to remain conscious
of God, whether in private or in public; to speak justly, whether
angry or pleased; to show moderation both when poor and when rich, to
reunite friendship with those who have broken off with me; to give to
him who refuses me; that my silence should be occupied with thought;
that my looking should be an admonition; and that I should command
what is right.”

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